What is Step Migration
Step-migration is the pattern of migration that occurs stage by stage, as the rural population relocates closer to cities with a growing population.
It is the most popular kind of international movement in the 21st-century globalized world.
Step movement was first thought of by Ernst Georg Ravenstein in 1885.
According to Ravenstein, the step migration phenomenon occurs in the case of short-distance movement when people move from small towns toward urban centers by traversing towns of intermediate size.
At present, academics consider step migration to be happening all over the world as people move up to the top of the pyramids of nations toward the destination they prefer.
Step migration is described as having multiple phases of movement due to the lack of a migrant’s ability to settle into the new country,
For Example, the inability to locate work or a cultural gap and leads to an additional migration.
What are Other Types of Migration?
There are many kinds of immigration which include:
- Chain migration is a process in which people move to a new location in groupings, typically with family or friends who have already moved.
- Cyclical movement is a type of pattern for migration in which individuals move from one place to the other or more locations during a certain period of duration.
- The Term “economic migration” refers to a type of migration that is inspired by economic benefits.
- Forcible Migration: A type of movement that happens in cases where people are required to leave their homes due to conflict or any other form of violence.
- Migration within the borders: The process of migration that takes place within the borders of a nation.
- Global Migration: The term “migration” refers to the movement that takes place at the international border.
- Urban-Rural Migration: The movement of people from rural areas into urban zones.
- Step-Migration: The pattern of migration takes place step by step as people living in rural areas relocate closer to cities that are growing.
- Migration that is Voluntary: The migration occurs by the user’s choice.
What is the Difference Between Voluntary as well as Forced Migration?
Vocal Migration is an example of movement that happens when individuals decide to move out of their homes and relocate to a different location. This choice is generally dependent on reasons such as more economic possibilities, better living conditions, or the need to change the landscape.
Forcible Migration On the contrary, happens when individuals are required to flee their homes due to circumstances outside their control such as the threat of war, persecution, or natural catastrophes. Sometimes forced movement can be triggered when individuals are forced or threatened with being forced to leave their home.
It is crucial to remember that the line between forced and voluntary movement is not always straightforward.
As an Example: those who move to a new location for reasons of economics may think that they are forced to leave and must have no option but to leave their residence, even if they are not directly compelled to move.
Similarly, people who are seeking refuge from violence or persecution may prefer to relocate to a certain location due to the fact that they have family or close friends who live there, and not simply just because it is the place they would prefer to be.